Elements Analysis ( E )
Elements though an essential as micronutrients for many biological functions, their abnormal levels in the human body can affect many critical body processes. This panel analyzes for a total of 16 toxic elements in the water samples by the most robust technology - Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), touted to be the best for elemental analysis.
Essential parameters to be analyzed for Elements testing in water
Certain elements are required by the body in small amounts to support vital metabolic processes, whereas not only excess, even trace amounts of toxic elements can cause various deleterious effects. For e.g:
Lead - Retards development in children and affects memory in adults.
Iron - Usually precipitates as iron hydroxide and settles as rust coloured silt in water. Iron can cause embryotoxicity, convulsions, respiratory and cardiac failure, etc.
Calcium - Hard water generally has a higher calcium content, and though it is important for strong teeth and bones, excessive amounts have been known to impair absorption of other micronutrients and also have a possible link with gastric cancer.
Magnesium - Though an essential micronutrient, excess has been linked to cerebrovascular disorders and also hepatic cancer.
Copper - Essential for good health but excess has been linked to cause vomiting, diarrhea along with damage to liver and kidney.
Manganese - A normal micronutrient present in foods consumed, it is also a component of rock and soil. The toxic effects manifest gradually and affect the nervous system.
Mercury - Found in natural ores and used in battery and light bulb manufacturing units, excess levels in the body can cause kidney damage.
Cadmium -Used in Photography and Metal plating industries, toxicity has been linked to cause kidney damage and is a potential carcinogen.
Molybdenum - An essential micronutrient which aids in breaking down proteins in the body, excessive levels have been linked to cause or in certain cases, worsen gout.
Selenium - Widely used in glass, pigment and alloys industry, and touted to be a powerful antioxidant, excess selenium deposition in the body over years can impair circulation, resulting in loss of hair, nails, etc.
Arsenic - Is not a desirable element to be exposed to or ingested as excessive levels have been linked to cause irregular heart beat, skin discolouration, damage to blood vessels, etc.
Zinc- An essential cofactor for multiple enzymatic activities in the human body, excessive levels of these have been linked to cause anemia, arteriosclerosis, damage to pancreas, etc.
Chromium - A major contaminant in industrial effluents, chromium-6 is touted to be the most toxic form and has been postulated to be a potential carcinogen.
Aluminium - Majorly used in automotive and aircraft industries as well as in food packaging, excessive has been linked to development of Alzheimer’s disease in certain cases.
Nickel - Found majorly in jewellery and used in alloy industry, its toxicity has been linked to cause asthma, allergy, birth defects, etc.
Boron - Widely used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and in glass manufacturing industries, boron toxicity has been linked to cause abdominal pain, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, etc.